Skateboards come in a variety of styles to suit your personal taste and skating style. Different types of skateboards will produce various styles of skating and how well you can make turns, tricks, and stunts. The types of boards range from the old style, shortboard, longboard, cruiser, and more modern designs.
Longboard skateboards started out as regular snowboards but the design evolved over time. Longboards fast and are more suitable for cruising and downhill skateboarding. They are designed for tricks but are also good for regular transportation. They are flexible, versatile, sturdy and reliable. They are available in shapes like drop-down and drop-through decks.
Longboard features include the ability to smooth over rough terrain, and executing big turns. They are stable enough for beginner skaters and are great for maneuvering especially for beginners. Longboards are however not suited for performing flips and trips r for carrying heavy loads.
There are 3 types of longboards:
1. Pintail Longboards
They allow extra foot space, even though the design separates friction between the board and wheels. They are ideal for cruising and deep carving turns.
2. Cruiser Longboards
Cruiser longboards provide lots of flexibility, turn and maneuverability. They also have a rear kick-tail with a slightly raised truck and soft, large wheels.
3. Twin Tip Flat Longboards
The features of the twin tip flat board are almost equal angles from the nose to the tail. The design helps to minimize wheel bite. They usually have drop-through style decks and provide extra grip, traction, speed, and control, especially when riding downhill. Twin flip flat boards are also good for performing deep carves.
Differnt Types of Skateboards
Old school skateboards
Old school boards are traditional style boards with a built-in concave. They sport big, soft wheels and are good for flip tricks. The boards measure 9 inches or over with a square-shaped tail and broad trucks. This style of the skateboard is great for street use, ramps, and skating pools. The design comprises kick-tails and a broad nose. They are available in an array of designs and colors and levels of function.
Cruise boards can help you perform a variety of movements while skating. They are available in a variety of shapes and are medium-size with kick tails. They are the perfect skateboards for street skating. There are a wide deck and rubber wheels but the board is unsuitable for tricks or big stunts.
These types of skateboards are fast and suitable for skating around ramps, parks and city areas. Cruise boards make transport easy and accessible the short deck helps riders turn easily and move around objects and obstacles. The board has no kick nose but is similar in length but wider than standard street boards.
They are traditional style boards that are ideal for performing stunts and tricks on a flat surface. They may measure between 28 and 29 inches long and 7.5 inches wide. They have 2 kick tails with smooth concaves and come in various sizes to suit your skating styles.
This type of board is good for beginners and they get the chance to practice lots of footwork and tricks.
The Slalom is a long, wide, fiber type board. It’s more suitable for downhill skateboarding. They provide lots of speed and maneuverability. The boards have larger, softer wheels than standard boards and provide extra grip. The material of the board comprises carbon fiber and foam which makes them sturdy and pliable.
The design of the downhill skateboards allows for more speed and stability. This type of board is ideal for drifting, sliding and air braking. The wheel sizes are between 29 and 32 inches and decks are normally hard and sturdy. Downhill skateboards are available with drop-through, drop-platform or top-mount designs to help stay safe and sturdy.
Street boards sport a similar design to freestyle boards. The nose and tail of the board can spin. They have narrow, evenly shaped decks and wheels at least 48.55mm in size. The design helps skaters perform flips, spins, and tricks easily. They are ideal for skating around city streets, commercial sites, and shopping centers. You can ride on slopes, skating ramps with this type of skateboard and need a sturdy, reliable deck.
They are ideally suited for skaters who prefer pool skating. Long, broad boards add control and stability. For this type of board, it should be at least 8.5 inches wide with wheels between 15 and 18 inches in size. The vert-style deck design is perfect for this type of skateboarding.
Cruise boards come with kick tails and wide decks with rubber wheels. They are fast and ideal for skating around ramps, parks and city areas. However, cruising boards are generally not suitable for tricks or stunts.
This type of board is good for flat surface skating and handles dirt, gravel, and hard sand surface quite well.
Most off-road skateboards are available with a brake which helps you stop quickly in rough areas. They help skaters glide over leaves, brush, bumps, and sticks.
The boards measure 33 inches long and 7.5 to 8.75 inches wide. They are large boards with round edges and harder, smaller wheels when compared to other boards. The tails of the Popsicle board are also steeper than regular boards. They are ideal for street skating and ramp-style skating.
Carve boards are available with front-style trucks that help skateboarders to flip easily. The truck is able to spin so that the wheels can change direction when needed. With this type of board, skaters are able to control their own speed by rocking back and forth similar to a surfing action.
Alternative Styles of Skateboards
Modern technology produces a variety of advanced boards that we can explore. Here are a few you may consider:
This is a type of skateboard that can fit inside your locker, backpack or carrier. It is foldable and provides an evenly balanced ride, and is sturdy and flexible.
The Wave Board
The wave board operates on two wheels and can spin and turn freely. The wheels are set beneath a footpad that is connected to the swivel that spins. It allows a smooth, easy ride.
Mountain boards or dirtboards
There are many styles to select with this type of skateboard. They have large tires, balanced brakes, and broad decks and are ideal for hills, off-road and bombing down.
Snow decks and snow skates
The Snow deck design comprises elements of regular snowboards and skateboards. It’s like a version of a skateboard with a smaller snowboard attached where the wheels normally rest. The Snow skate has a similar design but does not have any truck or blade.
It’s perfect for persons who prefer to ride similar to skating and snowboarding in one convenient machine. You can use them in snow parks.
Anatomy Of A Skateboard: Parts Explained
Although each skateboard style varies, they all carry standard parts with a few unique sizes and designs. However, each part of the skateboard will affect the type of riding you enjoy. Each type of skateboard has various parts and will affect the way the skateboard performs.
Deck or Board lengths usually range from 22-32 inches and are the distance between the tip of the nose and the tip of the board tail. Most decks are about 7.5 inches wide. The board width is more important than length. The width must, however, match the length of the board.
Wheelbases normally measure from 13 to 5 inches wide and represent the distance from each mounting wheel. It also gives you the measurement between the front and back wheels. The wheelbase lets you know where the mounting holes should be and affects the board’s overall performance.
The Nose and Tail
These parts describe the front (nose) and back (tail) of your skateboard. Some boards may have a smoother tail or bigger kick on the nose to help you spot the difference.
There are 4 holes that are pre-set into the slot for the truck. The mounting holes are set in pairs, 2 at the tail end and 2 at the nose end.
Ply refers to the layers of wood that comprise the board. Sheets of wood or other material are welded together to form the board surface or deck. On most boards, the ply ranges from 7 to 9 layers to ensure sturdiness and durability.
This describes the extent of the slant on the board deck. The concave also determines the type of stunts or tricks you can perform on each type of skateboard. It’s a u-shape curl between the tail and nose of the deck. It gives skaters significant control and helps keep their balance when skating and performing stunts. Concaves come in various styles including:
They are flat curves instead of deep curves on the bard deck. The rails taper off at a sharp angle from the deck. Tub concaves help keep your feet flatter than standard curves.
They are typically on old school boards with lots of foot space ad are ideal for a variety of tricks or board walking.
The deck has wave-style curves and normally stretches close to the tail. The additional loop in the middle of the board helps you distribute energy between the toe and heel of your foot. W-concaves also help the board adapt quickly and easily when turning.
This is a type of board where the deck arches upward. It may be available in some downhill or slalom boards.
These types of concaves help provide an additional push at the heels when turning. The rails on the board are at different angles for more lift when needed.
Cambers and Rockers
These two features refer to how the deck rises in the middle (camber) and or drops (rocker). Each angle is usually smooth and evenly balanced and determines how well the board flexes. Boards with more or fewer rockers and cambers will have higher or lower points of gravity. It will also affect your speed and how you’re able to go downhill or perform carving turns.
The kicktail on each end of the board has a slight upward slope and helps you execute turns, ollies, slides, and other stunts. They also help riders lift the front trucks to avoid obstacles or cracks in the road surface.
The rails determine how well the board rides. They run along the edges of each skateboard and can be sharp or round.
Different types of skateboards have their unique design, parts, and features. The style of skateboard also determines the type of ride you will experience and the overall performance on the board. While there are many to choose from, the skateboard must fit your body type, height, shoe size, and personal style.